Archive for April, 2019

Don’t be quick to judge

Illawarra Mercury supplied photo. A new study found that just five days of eating a high-fat diet can change the way your body?s muscle processes food.Antony Field | Editor, Wollongong AdvertiserIllawarra Newspapers Holdings Pty. Ltd.Suite 1, Level 4, 77 Market Street, Wollongong, NSW 2500T  4221 2652E  [email protected]苏州美甲美睫培训学校419论坛 Fast food.jpg

There’s a popular narrative about poor families and fast food: they eat more of it than anybody else. It’s dangled as evidence for the high rate of obesity among poorer Americans – and talked about even by some of the country’s foremost voices on food.

But there’s a problem with this narrative. It’s not true.

New data released by the Centres for Disease Control show that America’s love for fast food is surprisingly income-blind. Well-off kids, poor kids and all those in between tend to get about the same percentage of their calories from fast food, according to a survey of more than 5000 people. More precisely, though, it’s the poorest kids who tend to get the smallest share of their daily energy intake from Big Macs, Whoppers and and french fries.

Children born to families living just above the poverty line and below get roughly 11.5 per cent of their calories from fast food. For everyone else, the portion is closer to 13 per cent.

Surprisingly, the better-off children between the ages of two and 11 years lead the pack. The average percentage of calories coming from fast food for kids with working and middle class parents is 9.1 per cent. But poor kids only get 8 per cent of their calories from fast food.

For teenagers, it’s those born to the poorest families, once again, who rely on fast food the least.

The data offers sobering insight into America’s seemingly unshakeable love for fast food. More than a third of all children and adolescents living in the country still eat some form of fast food on any given day, a number which hasn’t budged in decades, according to the CDC.

And many children are getting alarmingly high proportions of their diet from chicken nuggets and french fries.

A quarter of all kids in the United States get 25 per cent of their calories from fast food. And 12 per cent of kids get more than 40 per cent of their calories from fast food.

The data also help to discredit the notion that fast food – or, at the very least, unhealthy food – only preys on the poor. The concept of food deserts, lower income areas where healthy food is scarce or expensive or both, has given rise to the idea that poorer populations rely on fast food out of necessity and convenience.

While there’s evidence that income does appear to affect the relative nutritional value of foods people eat, there doesn’t seem to be the same proof that that gap is attributable to fast food.

Child obesity, though it has fallen off in recent years, is still historically high in the US. American kids are far more likely to be overweight than those living in most other countries.

The epidemic has affected poorer children disproportionately, but it would be foolish to overlook the fact that roughly 12 per cent of high-income children are obese. The deterioration of the American diet hasn’t helped. But nor has kids’ sustained love for fast food in this country.

Overeating fast food remains a problem for the whole of American youth. Children, independent of socioeconomic status, are bombarded with advertisements for fast food. The industry spends billions of dollars each year on marketing, much of which is used to target children and teenagers. A 2012 study by the Rudd Centre for Food Policy and Obesity found that kids were seeing between three to five fast food ads on TV every day.

And those commercials appear to be working. On all children.

Rich parents might roll their eyes at Big Macs and french fries, but it’s their kids who like them most.

The Washington Post

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JCB loaders playing it safe

Safe T Training owner Craig Williams has recently added four new JCB 135W eco skid steer loaders to his training fleet.A VICTORIAN construction training organisation has chosen JCB skid steer loaders for its training programs.

Safe T Training, which provides specialised training in civil construction work, including upskilling unemployed people and those enrolled in secondary schools, has bought four new-release JCB 135W eco skid steer loaders (SSL) to be used specifically with new operators.

Company owner Craig Williams said they chose the SSLs from JCB primarily for their safety features.

“We don’t want any of our students getting hurt. The fact the JCB machines have a side entrance, like a car door, means they can get in and out very easily,” he said.

“Some of our students wouldn’t have the strength to pull themselves in and out over the bucket, so it’s about ease of access as much as safety.”

Mr Williams said other features that rated highly included the hydraulic and park braking systems, the fuel efficiency and the clear, easily-read gauges which made it easy for students to understand the machine they are using.

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Cover cropping demo grows

Tom Dunstan.THE start of March normally sees the only activity in the paddock application of soil toners such as gypsum or lime or a spot of late summer spraying, should farmers be lucky enough to get some February rain.

However, this year passers-by right through Victoria will see an unusual sight, with Wimmera farmer Tom Dunstan sowing a series of cover crops across the state as part of a Victorian No-Till Farmers Association (VNTFA) project.

Mr Dunstan said the concept behind the trials was to improve soil health through retaining a cover over the summer fallow period.

The VNTFA, together with five Catchment Management Authorities (CMAs) and the Victorian Department of Resources, came up with the idea for the trials following presentations from American soil health experts regarding benefits of cover cropping in the US.

“We have spoken to people like Jay Fuhrer, who spoke at the VNTFA annual conference last year and Steve Groff, who will be touring Australia in February,” Mr Dunstan said.

He said he would sow a mixture of grass and broadleaf species as part of the trial right across the State.

“We’re expecting we might find the trial will suit some areas better than others, according to the seasonal conditions.

“In the warmer parts of the region, we think it could be an opportunity-driven exercise, rather than a year in, year out part of the rotation, perhaps it will be a different story in the cooler climate areas and on irrigation.”

Mr Dunstan said he would begin sowing the trials on March 1.

“We talked about when to plant them and we decided that with the hot summer weather, it could be difficult to get trials to survive if it was planted mid-summer.

Mr Dunstan said the trials would be made up of a range of summer and winter active species, include cereal crops and popular winter pulses as winter active plants, along with sorghum and maize as summer grasses and cow peas, tillage radish, a long rooted plant similar to the Japanese vegetable daikon, and sorghum.

VNTFA executive officer Kerry Grigg said she was excited about the opportunities the state-wide trial presented to members and the broader cropping industry.

“This project takes the key messages from an international expert about soil health, and demonstrates in a practical way how farmers can achieve outcomes to improve their farm business here in Australia,” Ms Grigg said.

“With 2015 being the international year of soils, it couldn’t be a better time for Vic No-Till and our investors to highlight some of the latest innovations in farming that improve soil health.”

Mr Dunstan said he hoped the soil health benefits of the crops will include varied rooting depths to penetrate compaction layers, possible disease suppression, summer weed management, improved soil ecosystem function, increased soil biology diversity and improved water holding capacity through better soil structure.

The crops will also demonstrate increased soil aeration and utilising nitrogen fixation from legumes.

Ms Grigg said the decision to go away from traditional summer cover crops consisting of a single species and investigate the benefits of planting multiple species came after Mr Fuhrer’s presentations, where he talked about the importance of plant diversity to enhance soil biota and soil structure.

He also said monocultures of winter crops, which make up nearly all the plantings in southern Australia, could be detrimental to long term soil health.

“The farmers who attended our conference week could relate to what Jay was saying, and we had a groundswell of interest in taking cover cropping further in our part of the world. As such, we are delighted to have brought this farmer-driven project to fruition.”

A series of workshops with Mr Groff will be held across south-eastern South Australia, Victoria and the Riverina this month looking at the practicalities of cover cropping in a Mediterranean climate.

This story Administrator ready to work first appeared on 苏州美甲美睫培训学校.

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Around the crop circles

A BIG year ahead for ADM; new port investment for Glencore; Russia’s grain export duty takes effect; AGIC Asia is on again.

Big year for ADMTHE massive US harvest has been a boon for Archer Daniels Midland (ADM), which has announced a massive 87.4 per cent year on year boost in earnings for the December quarter.

The grains powerhouse reported net earnings of US$701 million (A$900.2m) up from $374m (A$480.3m).

North American grain-related activity was a key driver of the good results, as was the oilseeds business in both North America and Europe.

Glencore port investmentGLENCORE has announced it will take a 50pc share in an ADM export port facility in Brazil.

Glencore which participates in the Australian grain export scene through its ownership of Viterra, which runs all grain exports ports in South Australia, will take the stake in a terminal at Barcarena, in the northern Brazilian state of Pará.

ADM and Glencore plan to quadruple the terminal’s capacity from 1.5 million tonnes to 6 million tonnes to take advantage of growing agricultural production in Brazil’s north and west.

In addition to its increased capacity, the upgraded terminal will be able to handle larger Panamax vessels.

Russian export duty Russia’s grain export duty has taken effect.

The 15pc export duty, which was designed to ease pressure on the Russian domestic grain market, took effect on February 1.

When the Russian government was planning the duty, it had the effect of spurring world grain prices, but the 15pc value has been seen as manageable by international analysts and prices have since dropped significantly.

AGIC Asia on again GRAIN Trade Australia (GTA) will expand on its successful Australian Grains Industry Conference Asia concept this year, holding events in both Singapore and Hong Kong.

Last year, GTA ran its inaugural AGIC Asia event in Singapore, expanding from the popular AGIC event held in Australia each winter.

GTA chief executive Geoff Honey said the Singapore event had been well received and that this year there would be the chance to interact with east Asian, as well as south-east Asian grain industry participants at the Hong Kong conference.

The Singapore event will be held on March 9 and the Hong Kong conference is on March 11.

This story Administrator ready to work first appeared on 苏州美甲美睫培训学校.

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Japan hits record Wagyu exports

THANKS to growing demand for Wagyu, combined with the Japanese government’s strong commitment to grow the industry, Japan’s beef exports during 2014 reached 1251 tonnes (shipped weight) – up 38 per cent from the previous year and the highest on record, reports Meat and Livestock Australia (MLA).

Beef shipments from Japan, presumably the majority of product being Wagyu (rather than less valued Japanese crossbred or dairy beef), reached a variety of destinations in 2014, including Hong Kong, the US, and Singapore.

Japanese Wagyu beef export destinations expanded in 2014, with product sent to 17 markets which included new destinations like Holland, the UK, Belgium and the Philippines. Product was also sent to Tajikistan, Bangladesh, and Mongolia.

While the total volume was extremely small in the global beef trade context, its high value – averaging 6529 yen/kg (A$68.5/kg) – and growing demand for authentic, highly marbled quality beef from Japan, are key features that the Australian beef industry continues to monitor closely.

Wagyu is now the eighth largest breed in Australia, and Australian Wagyu Association president Scott de Bruin says the Association is preparing for substantial growth over the next few years.

The Australian Wagyu Association says Australia currently exports up to 15,000 live Wagyu feeder cattle to Japan annually, but the future market growth is expected to be boxed Wagyu beef exported to global markets.

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